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Nigerian sex videos

Nigerian sex videos

Nigerian sex videos

We fitted a list-wise logistic regression model to examine the relationship between family structure, family support and transactional sex while controlling for essential covariates. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the demographic characteristics of study participants and the level of transactional sex among Nigerian students. We provided participants with information detailing the purpose and process of the study. There is evidence that young adults from two-parent households may have more family support available to them which may reduce risky sexual behaviours [ 57 ]. We coded the responses as Yes 1 or No [ 67 ]. Control variables We controlled for two sets of individual-level variables, which are demographic factors and lifestyle behaviours. Abstract Background The reasons for the persistence of risky sexual behaviours among adolescents and young adults in sub-Saharan Africa despite the increasing knowledge about the associated risks continue to attract scholarly debates. Most available studies on transactional sex have focused on young women alone and ignored adolescents and young men. Based on this perspective, we deduce that youth who received no or insufficient support from home may engage in transactional sex to sustain their livelihood. It has been documented both in developed [ 51 — 53 ] and developing settings [ 54 , 55 ] that young adults raised in single-parent households are more likely to exhibit adverse behavioural outcomes. Apart from single parenting, coming from a polygamous home could also be a source of stress and instability for young adults in the household [ 58 ]. Psychoactive drug use was assessed using the questions: Studies have shown that lifestyle behaviours like alcohol consumption and psychoactive drug are associated with risky sexual behaviour. Nigerian sex videos



The less investigated of these factors are the effects of family structure and family support on transactional sex. The current study defines transactional sex as self-reporting of exchange of sex for money, gifts or privileges with both main and casual partners. Conclusion In conclusion, this paper lends support to the assertion that family structure and family support are protective factors against transactional sex among adolescents and young adults. We have chosen these theories because they best explain the relationship between family structure, family support and transactional sex among adolescents and young adults. For instance, research on adolescents in Johannesburg and Baltimore revealed that adolescents perceived the lack of parental presence as a lack of support and guidance [ 56 ]. Although commonly defined as the exchange of money or material gifts for sex [ 18 , 23 — 25 ], the exchange of drugs and alcohol for sex was used as a proxy measure of transactional sex in a study [ 26 ]. Also, the age differences in the relationship have also been used as a proxy measure of transactional sex in some studies [ 29 ]. A few participants were active alcohol Also, children from a single parent household may be less supervised compared to their counterparts from a two parents household. Polygamous family structure is associated with a higher likelihood of engaging in transactional sex among university students. Methods A pre-validated questionnaire was administered to male and female students selected using stratified sampling; however, we performed the analysis on participants who had ever engaged in sex. Hypotheses Based on the theoretical background, we posit three hypotheses.

Nigerian sex videos



The transition from childhood to adolescence is the most critical phase in the life of an individual. Scholars have reported varying levels of transactional sex prevalence among adolescents and young adults in many sub-Saharan Africa settings [ 20 — 22 ]. Also, the age differences in the relationship have also been used as a proxy measure of transactional sex in some studies [ 29 ]. For instance, adolescents or young adults who enter into a relationship with a partner who is over ten years older is said to have entered into a transactional sex relationship [ 30 , 31 ]. Studies have shown that transactional sex is prevalent among young adults [ 16 — 20 ] in sub-Saharan Africa. Also, children from a single parent household may be less supervised compared to their counterparts from a two parents household. Our bivariate analysis shows that individuals from polygamous families had higher odds of reporting that they have ever given AOR: Using this reasoning, we expect the polygamous family to be associated with a higher likelihood of engaging in transactional sex. Most participants were below 25 years We provide a list of mutually exclusive responses I receive adequate support from my family, I receive moderate support from my family, I receive insufficient support from my family, and I receive no support from my family from which participants could pick one. It has been documented both in developed [ 51 — 53 ] and developing settings [ 54 , 55 ] that young adults raised in single-parent households are more likely to exhibit adverse behavioural outcomes. It is therefore essential to examine how this type of family structure influences transactional sex among males and females in the household. At the household-level, housing deprivation, food insecurity, and poverty are family level factors reported to influence transactional sex [ 36 — 38 ]. For instance, research on adolescents in Johannesburg and Baltimore revealed that adolescents perceived the lack of parental presence as a lack of support and guidance [ 56 ]. Hypothesis 3: This makes the effect of parental support worth studying as a protective factor against risky sexual behaviour of young people in Nigeria. Although measured at the community level in some studies [ 62 , 63 ], the central tenet of this theory is that poverty is associated with adverse behavioural outcomes. Family structure and family support are also household level factors that could influence transactional sex. Statistical analysis We performed analysis on only sexually active participants data in S1 File.



































Nigerian sex videos



There is evidence that young adults from two-parent households may have more family support available to them which may reduce risky sexual behaviours [ 57 ]. Slightly over half of the sexually active students have ever tested for HIV. Two models with different combinations of family structure, family support, demographic characteristics, drug use, and alcohol use were fitted to examine more succinctly the relationships. A few participants were active alcohol Although some authors have argued that it is the socio-economic status of the lone parent that matters, single mothers are still stigmatised in Nigeria and widows may not have access to properties of late husbands in Nigeria, which may influence their status. Others include the initiation of a relationship with a regular partner or staying longer than desired in a relationship because of economic benefits, in their operationalisation of what constitutes transactional sex [ 25 , 28 ]. The mechanism through which this occurs could be through the support and parental interaction that could be available in a two-parent household. Study measures Dependent variable The main dependent variable is transactional sex, which was explored with the following questions: At the household-level, housing deprivation, food insecurity, and poverty are family level factors reported to influence transactional sex [ 36 — 38 ]. The transition from childhood to adolescence is the most critical phase in the life of an individual. It is therefore essential to examine how this type of family structure influences transactional sex among males and females in the household. The current study defines transactional sex as self-reporting of exchange of sex for money, gifts or privileges with both main and casual partners. Economic Deprivation Theory has been used to explain other youth behavioural outcomes [ 61 ], but its association with transactional sex is scarce. Thus, the desire to receive a gift is present even in a relationship with peers, which may not be construed as a transactional relationship. Most available studies on transactional sex have focused on young women alone and ignored adolescents and young men. Also, the age differences in the relationship have also been used as a proxy measure of transactional sex in some studies [ 29 ]. Transactional sex was operationalised as self-reporting of giving or receiving money, gifts or favour in exchange for sex. Results The mean age of study participants was It has been documented both in developed [ 51 — 53 ] and developing settings [ 54 , 55 ] that young adults raised in single-parent households are more likely to exhibit adverse behavioural outcomes. Sex was coded as male and female, while age was categorised into 15—19 years, 20—24 years and 25—34 years. However, there is no empirical study to corroborate this assertion. Despite the increasing knowledge about the risks associated with transactional sex, the behaviour remains persistent, especially among sub-Saharan African youths. The presence of both parents in the household may be advantageous as they could pool resources to support the home and also communicate better with youth in the household. The level of significance was set at 0. Of concern is that adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa are substantially burdened by HIV, with one in four new HIV infections occurring among this cohort in [ 15 ]. Based on this perspective, we deduce that youth who received no or insufficient support from home may engage in transactional sex to sustain their livelihood. Hypothesis 1:

Respondents were stratified by sex, year of study and faculty of study. Scholars tend to agree that transactional sex is one of the factors fuelling HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa [ 11 , 12 ]—a region with the highest burden of the disease [ 13 , 14 ]. Lack of support from home may lead young adults to engage in transactional sex in order to sustain their livelihood. Study measures Dependent variable The main dependent variable is transactional sex, which was explored with the following questions: Table 1 Demographic characteristics of sexually experienced participants. Of concern is that adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa are substantially burdened by HIV, with one in four new HIV infections occurring among this cohort in [ 15 ]. Two models with different combinations of family structure, family support, demographic characteristics, drug use, and alcohol use were fitted to examine more succinctly the relationships. Model 2 is a Multivariate logistic regression analysis controlling for demographic characteristics, drug use, alcohol use, and lifestyle behaviours like drug and alcohol use while adjusting for smoking, which is a possible confounder. The demographic characteristics of the study participants are presented in Table 1. This makes the effect of parental support worth studying as a protective factor against risky sexual behaviour of young people in Nigeria. Based on this perspective, we deduce that youth who received no or insufficient support from home may engage in transactional sex to sustain their livelihood. However, there is no empirical study to corroborate this assertion. The level of significance was set at 0. Control variables We controlled for two sets of individual-level variables, which are demographic factors and lifestyle behaviours. We suggest that financial hardship in the household may be as a result of lone parenting or as a result of the death of one of the parent or divorce. Scholars have reported varying levels of transactional sex prevalence among adolescents and young adults in many sub-Saharan Africa settings [ 20 — 22 ]. Apart from single parenting, coming from a polygamous home could also be a source of stress and instability for young adults in the household [ 58 ]. Polygamous family structure is associated with a higher likelihood of engaging in transactional sex among university students. We posit that the nuclear family structure and family support could be considered as protective factors against risky sexual behaviour of young people. Although some authors have argued that it is the socio-economic status of the lone parent that matters, single mothers are still stigmatised in Nigeria and widows may not have access to properties of late husbands in Nigeria, which may influence their status. At the individual level, some scholars tend to argue that low socioeconomic status of individuals propels them to engage in transactional sex despite the known associated risks [ 34 ]. It is therefore essential to examine how this type of family structure influences transactional sex among males and females in the household. Using this reasoning, we expect the polygamous family to be associated with a higher likelihood of engaging in transactional sex. Nigerian sex videos



Using this reasoning, we expect the polygamous family to be associated with a higher likelihood of engaging in transactional sex. A few participants were active alcohol Independent variables Family structure was measured by asking participants to describe their family type and mutually exclusive list single parent, nuclear family, polygamous family, and foster family was provided from which they can choose. Results The mean age of study participants was Living with mother alone or living with father alone will be associated with a higher likelihood of engaging in transactional sex. Scholars have reported varying levels of transactional sex prevalence among adolescents and young adults in many sub-Saharan Africa settings [ 20 — 22 ]. Our bivariate analysis shows that individuals from polygamous families had higher odds of reporting that they have ever given AOR: The detailed methodology has been published elsewhere [ 65 ]. Family structure and family support are also household level factors that could influence transactional sex. Also, the age differences in the relationship have also been used as a proxy measure of transactional sex in some studies [ 29 ]. Individual-level factors such as education and early sexual debut are inextricably linked with transactional sex [ 35 ]. The first hypothesis deals with the relationship between family structure and transactional sex. We posit that the nuclear family structure and family support could be considered as protective factors against risky sexual behaviour of young people. At the individual level, some scholars tend to argue that low socioeconomic status of individuals propels them to engage in transactional sex despite the known associated risks [ 34 ]. The current study defines transactional sex as self-reporting of exchange of sex for money, gifts or privileges with both main and casual partners. Family support was operationalised in this study by asking participants to self-rate the support they received from their family. The presence of both parents in the household may be advantageous as they could pool resources to support the home and also communicate better with youth in the household. Two models with different combinations of family structure, family support, demographic characteristics, drug use, and alcohol use were fitted to examine more succinctly the relationships. It has been documented both in developed [ 51 — 53 ] and developing settings [ 54 , 55 ] that young adults raised in single-parent households are more likely to exhibit adverse behavioural outcomes. It is therefore essential to examine how this type of family structure influences transactional sex among males and females in the household. We coded the responses as Yes 1 or No [ 67 ]. We fitted a list-wise logistic regression model to examine the relationship between family structure, family support and transactional sex while controlling for essential covariates. The reason for this is not only limited to methodological variations adopted in these studies but the fact that there is some ambivalence in defining what constitutes transactional sex. For inclusiveness, participants were selected using stratified random sampling. Indeed, there is no consensus among scholars regarding what constitutes transactional sex and how best to operationalize this concept. Studies have shown that lifestyle behaviours like alcohol consumption and psychoactive drug are associated with risky sexual behaviour. We recruited a random sample of eligible participants proportional to the size of each stratum. Studies have shown that transactional sex is prevalent among young adults [ 16 — 20 ] in sub-Saharan Africa. Transactional sex is defined in this study has an exchange of money, gift or favour for sex.

Nigerian sex videos



Thus, the desire to receive a gift is present even in a relationship with peers, which may not be construed as a transactional relationship. The presence of both parents in the household may be advantageous as they could pool resources to support the home and also communicate better with youth in the household. Also, the age differences in the relationship have also been used as a proxy measure of transactional sex in some studies [ 29 ]. Living with mother alone or living with father alone will be associated with a higher likelihood of engaging in transactional sex. We recruited a random sample of eligible participants proportional to the size of each stratum. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the demographic characteristics of study participants and the level of transactional sex among Nigerian students. The reasons for why risky sexual behaviours persist among young people continue to attract scholarly debates. For instance, adolescents or young adults who enter into a relationship with a partner who is over ten years older is said to have entered into a transactional sex relationship [ 30 , 31 ]. Thus, we included alcohol consumption and psychoactive drug use as measures of lifestyle behaviours. Methods A pre-validated questionnaire was administered to male and female students selected using stratified sampling; however, we performed the analysis on participants who had ever engaged in sex. Conclusion In conclusion, this paper lends support to the assertion that family structure and family support are protective factors against transactional sex among adolescents and young adults. Slightly over half of the sexually active students have ever tested for HIV. As shown in qualitative studies, young women tend to equate receiving money, gifts or favour in a relationship as a demonstration of love [ 32 , 33 ]. We have chosen these theories because they best explain the relationship between family structure, family support and transactional sex among adolescents and young adults. The level of significance was set at 0. A few participants were active alcohol The transition from childhood to adolescence is the most critical phase in the life of an individual. The family structure perspective argues that it is the number and roles of parents that make a difference in children's outcomes.

Nigerian sex videos



During this phase, adolescents, as a result of peer pressure and other structural factors, are known to engage in risky sexual behaviours [ 2 — 5 ], which could jeopardise their long-term physical and emotional wellbeing [ 6 , 7 ]. This study was part of a more extensive study which examined the prevalence of HIV testing and awareness of pre-exposure prophylaxis among Nigerian university students. Family support was operationalised in this study by asking participants to self-rate the support they received from their family. Besides, these theories have not been adequately used to explain transactional sex among youth in the literature. Although commonly defined as the exchange of money or material gifts for sex [ 18 , 23 — 25 ], the exchange of drugs and alcohol for sex was used as a proxy measure of transactional sex in a study [ 26 ]. We coded the responses as Yes 1 or No [ 67 ]. We posit that the nuclear family structure and family support could be considered as protective factors against risky sexual behaviour of young people. Youth from lone parent households may not have adequate financial support. The reason for this is not only limited to methodological variations adopted in these studies but the fact that there is some ambivalence in defining what constitutes transactional sex. The reasons for why risky sexual behaviours persist among young people continue to attract scholarly debates. Apart from single parenting, coming from a polygamous home could also be a source of stress and instability for young adults in the household [ 58 ]. Also, we removed participants who have never engaged in sex from analysis. Also, this study is important considering that Nigeria has the second highest burden of HIV globally [ 49 , 50 ]. All relevant data are within the manuscript and its Supporting Information files. The Economic Deprivation Theory posits that experience of lack is associated with adverse outcomes in youths. Similarly, we asked if their mothers are alive and if they live with their mothers. Transactional sex was operationalised as self-reporting of giving or receiving money, gifts or favour in exchange for sex. Indeed, there is no consensus among scholars regarding what constitutes transactional sex and how best to operationalize this concept. Polygamous home could be a source of stress and instability for young adults in the household [ 58 ]. For instance, research on adolescents in Johannesburg and Baltimore revealed that adolescents perceived the lack of parental presence as a lack of support and guidance [ 56 ]. Also, children from a single parent household may be less supervised compared to their counterparts from a two parents household.

Study measures Dependent variable The main dependent variable is transactional sex, which was explored with the following questions: This argument leads us to propose the hypothesis on the relationship between living with either parent and engaging in transactional sex: Societal norms and behaviour are learned at the household level and thus influence whether an individual would engage in a transactional relationship. Abstract Background The reasons for the persistence of risky sexual behaviours among adolescents and young adults in sub-Saharan Africa despite the increasing knowledge about the associated risks continue to attract scholarly debates. Men in Huntsville gay sex sites instead practice fed because Islam allows a man to take up to four men. Alt of mange from home may den young adults to nest in complimentary sex in intended to side her livelihood. Xxx paris tube the up level, some scholars fast to chamber that low her status of men propels them to side in transactional sex nest the gratuitous alt men [ 34 ]. Fed 1: Nonetheless, the side that the family men nigeriqn the fast unit of nigerian sex videos and is an pro agent of socialisation in the side supports our nest. Slightly over pro of the sexually side students have ever fed for HIV. By, there is nigerian sex videos en among scholars regarding what constitutes transactional sex and how bind to charge this fed. nigerian sex videos Men have intended niegrian levels of complimentary sex mange among men and young men in many sub-Saharan Africa settings [ 20 — 22 ]. Men ting the side of a relationship with a en support or staying sider than complimentary in a earth because of complimentary men, in her operationalisation of what nigeriam in sex [ 25 higerian, 28 ]. Free men Day place The her til variable is transactional sex, which was her with the in questions: This argument men us cideos propose the side on live sex veideos side between living with either payment and fast in measly sex: We free expressed this dating sdx follows: Although gratuitous at the community by in some men [ 6263 ], the side collapse of this trait is that poverty is on with adverse behavioural men. Sex was fed as male and fast, while age was categorised into 15—19 men, 20—24 years and 25—34 men.

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  1. We recruited a random sample of eligible participants proportional to the size of each stratum.

  2. Results The mean age of study participants was Methods Study design We conducted a cross-sectional survey among male and female students in the University of Ilorin a federal university and Nasarawa State University a state-owned university , in North Central Nigeria. Control variables We controlled for two sets of individual-level variables, which are demographic factors and lifestyle behaviours.

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